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Introduction to 4 different types of HVAC systems

The mechanism that works behind cooling and heating our homes seems to be a complicated one too many but in reality, the basics of heating and air conditioning are quite understandable concepts. An HVAC system that stands for Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning aims to make the indoor environment comfortable.

HVAC systems are divided into four categories which come in different sizes and specifications that fit into your home or business. 

1. Heating and cooling split systems

Heating and cooling split systems are known to be the most common types of HVAC systems. As the name suggests it is split into two separate units, one serves the purpose of heating and the other one is for cooling. It is to be noted that these systems come with indoor and outdoor units that can be easily identified.

Such HVAC products are equipped with a cooling system outside which uses compressors, refrigerants and coils in order to cool air and a fan to keep away the hot air.  These are basically the AC units that are kept outside the home and run during the summer season.

On the other hand, the heater in the heating and cooling split system is placed in a basement and other storage space which uses gas to warm up the house.  A traditional thermostat is used in this process to control the temperature to keep it within the comfort level.

2. Hybrid split system

The hybrid system of HVACs carries similar features to the split systems but they do have some basic differences. This particular HVAC system carries a hybrid heating system which is counted as one of its unique features that helps lowering energy costs. It is up to the homeowners to set the key differences.

The capacity to switch between gas power, which is faster and more complete, to electricity which is more efficient and quieter, allows homeowners to determine the way they want to heat up their homes.

This system is also dependent on traditional ducts and thermostats and it offers all the advantages of a split system with an additional benefit of conserving energy and reducing utility bills.

3. Duct free (Mini-split)

A duct-free or mini-split system comes with a huge upfront cost and a list of benefits for particular needs and applications. It offers an amazing solution for areas where conventional ducted systems are not suitable. It can also be a great alternative to the existing ducted types of HVAC systems.

Duct free units are usually installed directly into the particular areas of a home where heating and cooling are needed. You are allowed to have four indoor air handling units for each outdoor unit. It offers better independent control which makes it an appropriate choice for hotels or venues allowing tenants to control the individual temperature.

4. Packaged heating and air conditioning system

A packaged HVAC system contains everything including the compressor, condenser and evaporator in a single unit which is usually placed on the roof or near the foundation. It fulfills both the cooling and heating needs of a house.

Its compact size makes it an appropriate option for houses with a space crunch. This HVAC system is very much efficient and easy to maintain.  As its heating system is not as powerful as other options, it is generally used in a warmer climate.

In short, the split system is the most commonly used HVAC system whereas hybrids are preferred due to their energy-saving capacity.  Similarly, Mini-split systems are a suitable choice for picky families or the service industry but the packaged heating is a perfect choice for small houses.

Now when you have detailed knowledge of different types of HVAC units, it will be easier for you to decide the best option for you.

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EB Air Control Inc. was incorporated to providing the highest quality solutions for HVAC and related industries with strong characteristics towards design and technology for “indoor air comfort and quality”. Call 905-670-2277 to inquire about HVAC products.

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